The Sendai Framework and the role of science and knowledge production
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 is the UN framework agreement for disaster risk reduction. It replaces the Hyogo Framework for Action.
The Framework outlines seven clear targets and four priorities for action to prevent new disaster risks and reduce existing ones:
- Understanding disaster risk
- Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
- Investing in disaster reduction for resilience
- Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
The UK government is a signatory to this Framework.
Dickinson, C, Aitsi-Selmi, A, Basasbe, P, Wannous, C, and Murray, V. 2016. Global Community of Disaster Risk Reduction Scientists and Decision Makers Endorse a Science and Technology Partnership to Support the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 7(1). doi:10.1007/s13753-016-0080-y
Aitsi-Selmi, A, Murray, V, Wannous, C, Dickinson, C, Johnston, D, Kawasaki, A, Stevance, A-S, Yeung, T, et al. 2016. Reflections on a Science and Technology Agenda for 21st Century Disaster Risk Reduction. Based on the scientific content of the 2016 UNISDR Science and Technology Conference on the Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 7(1). doi:10.1007/s13753-016-0081-x.
UK Government on research and innovation for disaster risk management
The UK Government's process of review and engagement with science and innovation for humanitarian action and disaster risk reduction has been guided by Lord Ashdown's Humanitarian Emergency Response Review (2011). This was followed by a Government Office of Science report into Reducing the Risk of Future Disasters (2012).
Recent discussions in Government include those captured by Hansard where progress since Sendai has been debated.
UK research funders
The UK research councils fund research on all aspects of disaster science, from social vulnerability and risk perception to hazard modelling and engineering, medical interventions and cultural interpretation. Increasingly, research councils collaborate to support inter- and multi-disciplinary research, and support is enhanced by partnership with government or other national research councils. Please see Research Councils UK for detailed updates.
The Department for International Development also funds UKADR directly, e.g. through its Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme and other programmes including the Climate & Development Knowledge Network (CDKN).
Private research funders are also very active, notably Wellcome Trust's programme on Health in Humanitarian Crises.